The First Sindh Provincial Muslim
8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th of October
Printed by Haji Naziruddin Hafiz
Abdul Karim Babar,
At the Civil Military Press Hassanali
Effendi Road, Karachi.
Published By Sayyed Ali Muhammad H,
Rashdi, General Secretary,
First Sindh Provincial Muslim League
Conference Napier Rd. Karachi.
The First Sindh Provincial Muslim League Conference
held at Karachi on 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th of
October 1938, under the Presidentship of Mr. M. A.
Jinnah, constitutes a turning point in the political
life of not only the Moslems of Sindh but of the
whole of Moslem India. It was on the platform of
this Conference that in the presence of most of the
prominent Moslem leaders
India, who have got a decisive voice in all matters
relating to the Moslem India, speeches were made and
resolutions were passed which revealed a desire on
the part of the Moslems to have radical alterations
made in the new scheme of Indian reforms, so far as
the centre was concerned, as a natural consequence
of the determination on the part of the Hindu
majority not to treat the Indian Moslem nation as an
equal partner in governing India.
"If the Congress, which was wholly and solely a
not prepared to agree to the Moslem occupying
an equal position in the scheme of the Indian
constitutional reform merely because it aimed at the
establishment of Hindu rule in India, somewhat
similar to that which is now found in the eight
congress-ruled provinces, let us tell the Congress
and the Hindu community that theIndian continent
shall have to be divided into two Indias-the Hindu
India and the Moslem India, each governing
separately was the gist of many speeches made in the
Conference. The grand reception given to Mr. Jinnah,
.which in point of grandeur and splendor was,
according to the opinion of the disinterested press,
such as would be envied by Kings, and the attention,
enthusiasm and devotion with which about 20,000
people participated in the Conference for full five
right up to 2 am clearly indicated the anxiety on
the part of the Moslems to forge ahead, and assert
their individuality and existence. Although the main
resolution about the situation in India has been
embodied in the terms of a recom≠mendation to the
All India Moslem League, yet, keeping in view the
present Cong≠ress mentality, I have no doubt that it
will serve as prelude to the Moslems declaring
finally to go in for
a separate federation
of their ownandwill thus get Sindh very conspicuous
place in the history of New India.
The Other resolutionspassed at the Conference
touched a variety of subjects both Provincial and
extra-Provincial, the most important
them however according to me, were the two sets of
resolutions one giving an outline of the
constructive work which is to be undertaken by the
League for the uplift of the masses and the other
dealing with the constitutional situation created in
Sindh in consequence of the Governor of Sindh having
refused to call a Session of the
SindhLegislativeAssembly to consider no-confidence
motion against the Sindh ministry and to transact
other work which has been kept in abeyance for the
last eight months. The purpose behind the refusal is
clearly one of retaining the existing ministry in
office in utter defiance of popular will and in
contravention of the spirit of the new Constitution
Act and the Instrument of Instructions and of giving
it time to consolidate its position by means, which
in some cases, happen to be of questionable nature.
As the subject has been sufficiently dealt with in
the Chairman's address and in the resolution itself,
I can only saythat the outrage that has thus been
perpetrated upon the constitutional rights of the
people of this province has gone a long way to prove
the hollowness of the claims about the sanctity
which the new constitution is alleged to be enjoying
at the hands of the representatives of the
sovereign, and has created consciousness among the
people as to the danger that lies ahead of them in
case the Governors of provinces choose at anystage
to run the administration in open violation of the
nature and spirit of the Government of India act.
But Sindh must, all the same, feel grateful to His
Excellency for having bestowed upon her the
distinction of being the first province to
'disapprove of the action of a governor’, in the
manner in which she has. One cannot however say
where this approval will lead this province to if
His Excellency adheres to his decision to allow
indefinitely the present situation to continue
disturbing the peace of the province.
has on many occasions in the past given
lead to the whole of
be pardoned if I say that, even on this occasion and
in the matter of Moslem League movement she has
to the rest of India. Let us hope that the new flame
of desire kindled by this conference, in the hearts
of millions of musalmans, to strengthen the bonds of
unity and solidarity amongst each other,
be kept burning forever.
Before I conclude, I must seize this opportunity to
express, on behalf of the moslems of this province,
a deep sense of gratitude to Mr. Jinnah, the
President, of the Conference, the Hon'ble Mr. A. K.
FazulHaque. Premier of Bengal, the Honorable Sir
Sikandar Hayat Khan, Premier of Punjab, Moulana'
Showkatali, Begum Saheba Moulana Mahomed ali, Sir
Currimbhoy Ibrahim Bart, the Raja Saheb of
Mahmudabad, the Raja Saheb of Pirpura, Mr. Sayed
Abdul Rauf Shah, M. L. A. Central Provinces, Mr.
Ashiqueali of Gaya (Behar), Haji Abdul
SattarEssakSaitb, M. L. A. (Central), Madras, A. B.
Habibullah Khan, Bar-at-Law of U. P., Nawab Sir
Mahomed Jamal Khan Laghari, Khan BahadurMushtaq
Ahmed Khan Gurmani. M. L. A. (Punjab), Khan Fakira
Khan, Chief of Dhamtour N. W. F. Province, Moulana
Jamal MianSaheb of FarangiMahalLucknow, Khan
SahebManzurali Khan of Simla, Moulana Abdul
HamidBadayuni, (U. P,),
(Central), NawabzadaLiyaqat Ali Khan,. M L A, (U.
P.). Khan BahadurMakhdumNawabMuridHussainSaheb, M.
L. A. (Central) of Multan and all other
distinguished visitors from outside who graced the
Conferencewith their presence, no doubt, at great
personal inconvenience and discomfort to themselves.
Lastly, I beg to thank all my colleagues,
co-workers, moslem ladies, and gentlemen all
educational institutions, Moslem Associations, and
Volunteer Corps, who assisted me in grappling with
the arduous task that was ahead of me. To them alone
is due the whole credit for having made the
Conference such a great success in spite of the fact
that the whole arrangement had to be made within 36
Sayed Ali Mahummed H. Rashdi,
Napier Road, Karachi,
23rd October, 1938.
A Glimpse of the Arrangements Made.
1. Mr. M.A Jinnah, President-elect the conference
reached Hyderabad Sindh by Ahmedabad- Marwar Mail at
about 10-30 am, From chor (the first station of
Sindh) to Hyderabad Sindh, the train stopped at four
stations Chor, DhoroNaro and ShadipaliMirpurkhas, On
all these stations he was welcomed and garlanded by
2. From Hyderabad Sindh to Karachi Mr. Jinnah
travelled by a special Train and took his seat in a
reserved First class compartment. Mir Ghulamali khan
talpur, M.L.A his relatives and the office bearers
of the Hyderabad at about 12 noon and reached
Karachi city station at about 4-20 p.m. The special
Train brought over 500 delegates from Hyderabad.
From Drighroad onwards thee aero planes escorted the
train up to Karachi and then flew over the
procession. The Special Train had been engaged by
Mir. Ghulam Ali Khan for which he deserves gratitude
of the muslim community.
3. The Sindh stopped a little further from the
entrance to the platform , at Karachi City Station,
The Chairman of the reception Committee entered the
president-elect’s Coach, garlanded him and brought
him out on the platform where he was introduced to
prominent persons specially invited to be present at
the station. They numbered several thousands and
among them were almost all Moslem M.L.As, His
worship the Mayor of Karachi, Moslem members of the
Karachi Corporation; leading Moslems of the Province
and also two of the three Ministers of Sindh.
4. As soon as the train arrived the khaksars fired
51 shots. The President-elect in the meanwhile was
taken out from the station; he then received the
salute of the Guard of honor provided by the Moslem
League National Guard, and various Volunteer Corps
and he took 10 minutes in inspecting them. The Band
Played. The extent of the crowd that had assembled
outside the station or on the route can only be
imagined those who were witnesses to it.
At about 4.40 p.m. the President and the party
passed through the Babul-Islam (Gate)which had been
specially erected over the Entrance to the Railway
Station, The drums kept on the top of this Gate
announced the arrival of the President who was
occupying his seat in a Coach drawn by four Horses.
The Chairman of the Reception Committee (Sir
Abdullah Haroon) and the President ofthe Sindh
Provincial Moslem League (Shaikh Abdul Majid) sat on
the opposite seat with the president. The Bands
played. Behind the president's carriage followed
several cars conveying distinguished guests.
From the McLeod Road the procession started in the
ORDER OF THE PROCESSION
Moslem League Flag SayedMahmudshah Ghazi on Horse Back.
Band of ustadMahomedBux Incharge of
Two Decorated Fishes Khada
Fisherman (Malik Abdul Aziz)
Baba Island people inchargeMahomedBhati
various anjumans (InchargeKhawaja Abdul Razaq and
Camel Riders (In Arabic Custumes)
MoulviZahooral& Hassan Dars.
Khawaja Band Mr.
Scout and National Guard Mr.
Six Pilot Cars of distinguished the General
Secretary of the conference, Sayed Ali MahomedRashdi
and General Secretary of the league Mr. Hassanali A.
President’s Coach and Four Horses
Seth HussainbhoyBandukwala, Seth fidahussainshaikha,
sethghulamhussainlotia, sethghulam H. Ghafoorbhoy.
Six cars and distinguished visitors &Yatimkhana
band sir abdulaHaroon. Seth
HussainbhoyBandukwala, Seth fidahussainshaikha,
sethghulamhussainlotia, sethghulam H. Ghafoorbhoy.
Private cars and taxis.
Mr. Nawabkhan, Mr. Yakoobkhan, Seth AluKhimji.
Band Sindh Madressah.
khan Retired sub inspector and
After passing through the processional route
and 20 gates, bearing the names of different leaders
which had been especially erected, the procession
terminated at the Moslem League Pandal where Moslem
League Flag was hoisted by the President elect.
Aero planes flew over the procession throwing
flowers, The procession was about two miles long and
roaring sea of human hands surrounded the whole
route from beginning to the end.
The Moslem League Flag Hosting Ceremony
On the 7th October 1938(7 p. m. to 8 p. m.)
Recitation of the passage from Holy Quran.
Flag song by MahomedFazal and Abdul Haye.
Chairman's Introductory Speech.
"The President's Speech.
Hoisting of the flag
THE FIRST SITTING OF THE
SINDH PROVINCIAL MOSLEM LEAGUE CONFERENCE.
On 8th October 1938 from 9 p. m. to 1 a. m.
Recitation of the Holy Quran.
Addresses of the Hon'ble Moulana A. K. Fazlul Haque,
Chief Minister Bengal, Hon'ble Sir Sikander Hayat
Khan Chief Minister Punjab, Moulanashokatali, Sir
Currimbhoy Ibrahim Bart, Bombay, Khan Fakira Khan of
Abbotabad, Moulana Jamal Mian of Lucknow, Mr. A. B.
Habibullah of U. P. and other distinguished guests.
The election of the Subjects Committee.
Sitting of The Sindh Provincial Moslem League
On 9tb October 1938 from 9-30 p. m. to 1 a. m.
Recitation of Holy Quran.
9.30 p. m. to 9-35 p. m.
9-35 p. m.to 9-45 p. m.
Third Sitting of the Conference
10th October from 9-30
p. m. to 1 a. m.
Fourth Sitting of the Conference.
11th October 9-30 p. m. to 1 a. m
Speeches made and resolutions passed.
Sitting of the Conference.
12th October 9-30 p.m to 1 a.m
Speeches made and Resolutions passed.
OF MR. M. A. JINNAH
READ ON 8th OCTOBER 1938.
Ladies and gentlemen,
I thank you for the honour you have done me by
asking me to preside over this All Sindh Muslim
League Conference. Sindh has a wonderful history
behind it and it gives me a peculiar pleasure that I
should have the privilege of presiding over a great
conference of Muslims. I most heartily congratulate
you for having established the District Muslim
Leagues in almost all of your Districts and having
organized the Musalmans of Sindh in the manner in
which you have done within such a short time. This
great political consciousness and awakening that has
taken place among the Musalmans of Sindh is a great
pointer and I feel confident that with the help of
your self-less leaders and workers
Sindh will come into its own and set an example to
the rest of India. You know the efforts of the All
India Muslim League to Separate Sindh were seriously
started in 1927 and the demand to separate Sindh was
incorporated in the Delhi Muslim League proposals in
March 1927. It was a hard and arduous struggle but
notwithstanding the strenuous opposition from
various quarters ultimately it was decided to
separate Sindh from Bombay Presidency as an
independent Province with a constitution on an equal
footing with the rest of the provinces of the
British India. Now that your Province is an
independent entity the greatest responsibility rests
on the shoulders of the Musalmans of Sindh for the
welfare and the progress of your Province. Not long
ago the Musalmans in Sindh were divided and turn
into groups but today I am happy to find that there
is a wonderful public spirit, solidarity and unity
demonstrated and with proper organization if you
mobilize and harness your powers there is nothing to
prevent the Muslim league of your Province from
assuming the reigns of the Government of your
province. It is in your hands now. You must remember
that it is your duty and responsibility which calls
upon you to conduct the affairs of the Government of
Sindh. The constitution enacted by the Government of
India Act of 1935, although it incorporates many
objectionable features, yet you should utilize it
with your majority strength successfully for the
economic, social, educational and political uplift
of the people of Sindh and in particular of the
Musalmans. I feel confident that mainly the
Musalmans of Sindh and the right thinking Hindus
will realize that the progress and the welfare of
the Province lies in maintaining the high principles
of justice, fairplay and friendly co-operation
amongst the people of Sindh.
While speaking in this great city and the capital of
Sindh, Karachi with its magnificent position that it
occupies, the wonderful sea port and constituting as
it does the first home-land of Musalmans, it gives
me no small pleasure that I should preside over a
conference of the kind the like of which has never
before taken place in Sindh and you can well imagine
my surging emotions when I tell you that Karachi is
my birth place and I cannot adequately express how
deeply anxious I am for its welfare and how
cordially I wish your Province to rise to its full
stature and play your great and rightful part in the
Counsels of Muslim India. Musalmans of Sindh have
another sacred duty to perform and a far graver task
in front of them and it is that aspect which I want
to impress upon you. In the All India Muslim
struggle against the various forces which are out to
destroy and divide the Musalmans by means of
corruption and dishonest propaganda you have to
guard yourself against it and stand solid behind the
All India Muslim League which is the only
authoritative and representative organization of the
Musalmans of India. It is an irony of fate that the
two provinces for which the All India Muslim League
fought successfully that is Sindh and the North West
Frontier Provinces, should remain outside
the ken of the All India Muslim
League. But I am glad that Sindh
Musalmans have now realized. The
Wonderful rally on their part is a bright sign and
new chapter in the History of the All India Muslim
League. North West Frontier Province for which the
Muslim League fought against every machination
including the opposition on the part of the Congress
itself against our demand that it should have the
consti≠tution and reforms on an equal fooling with
all the other provinces of the British India should
remain, when liberated under the heel of Wardha.
But I feel confident that it will not be very long
before the Musalmans of North West Frontier Province
will come home on the platform of the
All India Muslim
League and work as loyally and
faithfully as any Musalman under the banner and the
flag of the All India Muslim League and those who
have and are still misleading the Pathans will meet
with their ''Nemesis".
The struggle that we are carrying on is not merely
for loaves and fishes, minister ships and jobs, nor
are we opposed to the economic, social and
educational uplift of our countrymen as it is
falsely alleged. We want to make every contribution
to the uplift of our people particularly the
Musalmans. Do not believe when you are told that the
policy and program of the League is reactionary. No
honest man who has studied the policy and program of
the League can conscientiously truthfully say that
it is anything but fully national and most
progressive. Yet Muslim League and its leaders are
daily misrepresented and vilified. Truth is
suppressed and falsehood is broadcast in the
Congress press and news agencies; of course we
having no press. But the greatest misfortunes of
India is that the High Command of the Congress has
adopted a most brutal, oppressive and inimical
attitude towards the All India Muslim League since
they secured the majority in the six provinces.
After they decided to accept office and work the
constitution when we were ready and offered our hand
of co-operation as we had already made it clear
before and after the elections also the first demand
was that the League must liquidate itself and we
were told that it represents nobody except few
estimable middle class gentlemen. And secondly the
decision was taken that we must be treated as an
anathema and the League groups in the various
legislatures were boycotted by the Congress. And the
members of the League party in the legislatures were
to be treated as untouchables and that no one was to
be included in the ministry of those provinces from
amongst the representatives of the League party
unless they unconditionally signed the pledge, the
policy, and the program of the Congress which
honestly speaking is much worse than that of the All
India Muslim League and more communal, in fact,
except that we stand for the adequate and effective
safeguards for the rights and interests of the
Musalmans and that we do not agree with false creed
of "truth and nonviolence" which is observed and
honoured more in breach. They were asked to abjure
their party and forego their creed, policy and
program which is far more honest and straightforward
and practical. They started in the legislatures with
a song of "Bande Matramn” which is not only
idolatrous but in its origin and substance a hymn to
spread hatred for the Musalmans. And they in their
wisdom tried and are persisting now and compelling
the school authorities to sing “Bande Matram” at
congregations and school gatherings although it is
admitted that it is not a national song. They have
persistently hoisted tri-colour flags in a most
aggressive and offensive manner on all Government
and public institutions irrespective of the feelings
of others although it is admitted that it is not a
national flag. They started "the Muslim Mass
Contact" which is not only silly but dangerous and
some wise-acre amongst them think that this will
bring about the destruction of the communal award or
at any rate nullify its object and destroy the true
strength of Muslim representation in the various
legislatures, and further thereby force every Muslim
to submit to the membership of the Congress. They
have been forcing radical changes in the educational
system of the Provinces and to run the department on
Wardha scheme which has assumed the name of "Vidhyia
Mandir" and make Hindi compulsory in the guise of
Hindustani but highly Sanskritised as "Lingua
Franca" of India and leave no stone unturned to
suppress Urdu which is the language of the largest
number of Musalmans in India and thus give a death
blow to their culture and their solidarity. Every
available post or job is reserved for the
Congressmen or those Musalmans who are prepared to
desert or vilify the League. The "Civil Liberties"
has assumed new definition. That in the absence of
"Swadeshi Laws" "lawless and reactionary laws" such
as the "Criminal Law Amendment Act" and "Section
144" are to be freely utilized against, those
persons who disobey or differ from the Congress
Ministries and particularly in the case of the
members of the Muslim League. Measures are brought
in, bills have been passed and laws have been
enacted which are obviously highly detrimental to
the interests of the Musalmans. For instance
amend≠ments of the franchise system of voting and
representation of minorities, in Munici≠pal Local
and Districts Boards. The Muslim Press is terrorized
under threat of penalty of forfeiture of securities
and in some cases the obnoxious executive orders
have been passed and securities of some Muslim Urdu
papers have been forfeited. Is this the national
programme that is being pursued for the advancement
of the people of this Country which will achieve
freedom and independence of India? If this is the
foretaste on the threshold of the limited and
restricted authority and power enjoyed by the
Congress, I shudder to think what would be the fate
of ninety millions of Musalmans in this country if
the Congress were incharge of full and plenary
powers of the Government of India; and yet the other
day the President of the Congress had the temerity
in speaking at the Haripura Congress Session in
February 1938 to solemnly ask "I would put it to the
members of the minority communities in India to
consider dispassionately if they have any thing to
fear when the Congress programme is put into
operation." So far I have not dealt with the cases
of maltreatment and tyranny and persecution
regarding which columns and columns have been filled
by newspapers-specially in three Provinces of Bihar,
U. P. & C. P. and we are awaiting the report of the
committee that has been appointed. I hope that the
report will be out before the next Session of Muslim
League in December 1938.
It is common knowledge that the average Congressman
whether he is a member by conviction or
"convenience" arrogates to himself the role of a
ruler of this country and although he does not
possess the educational qualifications, training and
culture and traditions of the British Bureaucrat he
behaves and acts towards the Musalmans in a much
worse manner than the British did towards Indians.
The Supreme Command may well deplore corruption,
untruthfulness and violence and may further deplore
the faked register of membership of the Congress by
These are a few characteristic features of the
Congress programme so far regarding the Musalmans.
But we are told very recently in your city by a high
authority that surely the fact that the Governors
have not yet thought fit to interfere or exercise
their special powers is a proof-positive and shows
that the Musalmans are not only justly and fairly
treated but they are dealt with handsomely and
generously. I know that Governors and the
Governor-General have failed the minorities and
spe≠cially the Musalmans. But on the other hand we
are told that there is a gentlemen's agreement and a
Secret understanding between the British Government
and the Congress in consequence of which assurances
were given that such powers will not be exercised,
and so it is obvious that the Congress Ministries
are getting the longest rope with the result that
the foolish policy of the Congress is responsible
not only for intense bitterness between the two
sister communities but among the various classes and
interests. It has resulted in serious clashes and
conflicts and ill-will, which are bound to recoil in
the long run on the progress and welfare of India.
It seems that Congress is only tumbling into the
hands of those who are looking forward to the
creation of a serious situation which will break
India vertically and horizontally. But this is not
all. Now let us turn to Bengal, Punjab and Assam. In
these Provinces there happens to be a predominant
Muslim voice in the Ministr≠ies and hence they are
made the target and the object of final destruction
by the Congress High Command. In Bengal the move to
defeat Fazl-ul-Huq Ministry has ignominiously
failed. In Punjab various efforts are made to weaken
the Ministry of Sir Sikandar Hayat. But in Punjab
they have not yet dared to table a no confidence
motion because Punjab Ministry cannot yet be bent.
In Assam Mr, Saadullah's Ministry resigned.
Immediately the Congress President went post-haste
with other henchmen and agents to help the birth of
a so called Congress Ministry in utter disregard of
all their previous professions and declarations and
contrary to their avowed determination to have
nothing to do with coalition and he gathered
together various groups all and sundry. But in
forming the Ministry Mr. Bordoloi was not able to
announce the name of even one of the three Muslim
Ministers who were to be included in the Ministry.
Apart from the methods adopted further to move the
President for adjournment of the Assembly
'Sine die' was hardly creditable, and
for a great party, not to face the legislature
knowing full well that they had not the majority at
their back was shere Cowardice. It is under threat
of suspension of oath taking ceremony that the
President and Congress party agreed to the sessions
of the Assembly being called at an early date, and
up to the present moment Mr. Bordoloi has not been
able to get more than one of the three Muslim
Ministers, and he is still hunting for the remaining
two Muslim Ministers. When 56 members of the
Assembly out of 107 are not only against the so
called Congress Ministry but have tabled the vote of
no confidence, I congratulate the President, Mr.
Bose, for his statesman-like achievement for this
still born child which he is now anxious to feed by
means of oxygen and bring it to life by appealing to
the European planters to come to his rescue. The
Congress High Command is obsessed with one idea and
determined to divide the Musalmans and particularly
to break the solidarity of the Muslim League, no
matter how low they may have to stoop. They rave no
scruples or any standard or principle in their
methods. Their policy is based on arrogance and
opportunism and unfortunately they are at the
present moment getting the support of a large body
of Hindus who have respect for the Congress and they
are being fully exploited. Not only that but even
Mr. Gandhi who has acquired the spiritual influence
over a large body of the Hindu public and with his
halo of Mahatma is used by those who surround him.
He often tries to get out of the awkward corners by
falling back upon his inner voice or the voice of
silence and relies upon the fact that he is not even
a four anna member of the Congress; and he deplores
corruption, untruthfulness and violence and pleads
to his utter helplessness for the decisions of
Congress High Command. This grand Fascist Council,
the working Committee which is named "the shadow
cabinet" of a parallel Government of India is
supposed to speak on behalf of “the Indian Nation”
Some of its antics remind one of a clown imitating
the artist in a circus. During the critical
situation about the end of September last this so
called shadow cabinet continually sat in sessions
and kept vigil as the All India Congress Committee
had entrusted them with a power to take such
decisions as they thought
proper with regard to the question of
India's part in the event of the war breaking out.
So to begin with a sympathetic message was sent by
the High Command to the Government of Czechoslovakia
the Mahatma and the Working Committee
were continuing the vigil waiting for
the Whitehall to approach Mahatma
Gandhi, But the war is averted and soon now
the vigil will terminate and India
must breathe a sigh of relief as we are saved from
the Congress decision with regard to
the war for the moment. So now this is the situation
and position that we have to face. It is no use
relying upon anyone I else. We must stand on our own
inherent strength and build up our own power and
forge sanctions behind our decisions. Today we are
told that even for the purpose of a settlement of
Hindu Muslim question we do not represent the
Musalmans of India and we are required to prove the
position and status of ours by 14 service and merits
"before the mighty High Command. Gentlemen! The
meaning is clear. It is no use our blaming others.
It is no use our accusing our opponents only; it is
no use our expecting our enemies to behave
differently. If the Musalmans are going to be
defeated in their national goal and aspirations it
will only be by the betrayal of the Musalmans among
us as it has happened in the past. For the renegades
and traitors I have nothing to say, they can do
their worst. But I appeal most fervently to those
Musalmans who honestly feel for their Community and
its welfare and those who are misled or misguided
and indifferent, to come on to the platform of the
Muslim League and work under its flag; and please
close your ranks and file and stand solid and united
at any and all costs and speak and act with one
Here I wish to make it clear that I am not fighting
the Hindu Community as such nor have I any quarrel
with the Hindus generally for
have many personal friends amongst
them; but the Congress "High Command" is in my
opinion the greatest enemy of India's progress and
for the matter of that even of the interests of
Hindus. Although there are many Hindus who entirely
condemn them and are completely fed up with them yet
a large body of the Hindu public is still hypnotized
and mesmerized by them by their Seductive and
abusive propaganda and disingenu≠ous catch words and
Slogans. Will they get their freedom of judgment and
With regard to the tragedy of Palestine that is
going on at present and the ruthless repression that
is practised against the Arabs because of their
struggle for the freedom of their country, I need
hardly tell you that we had most convincing proofs
demonstrated all over India that the heart of every
Musalman is with them in their brave and wonderful
struggle that they are carrying on against all odds
and in spite of their being "defenseless". According
to the resolution of the All India Muslim League
Council, 26th of August was observed all over India
as the Palestine day and from all accounts I can say
without exaggeration that thousands and thousands of
meetings were held all over India fully and
fervently sympathizing with those who are fighting
for their country's freedom. Musalmans’ heart is
wounded and lacerated when they hear the news and
the accounts of ruthless and tyrannical repression
and repression of those brave Arabs and I know that
the entire Muslim world is watching the doings of
Great Britain there.
I may inform you that the Muslim League Council
appointed a special committee at their meeting of
the 30th July 1938 to consider the question of
sending racial deputation abroad specially to
Palestine and England and directed the committee to
consider the ways and means by which an effective
pressure can be brought to bear upon the British
Government. And that committee recently met at
Badaun and have in response to the invitation from
the Egyptian Parliamentary Committee for the Defense
of Palestine chosen five representatives on behalf
of the All India Muslim League to attend the
Parliamentary Congress of Arabs and Muslim countries
which will be held in Cairo starting from the 7th
October 1938 with a view consider the present
situation in Palestine. Three of our
representatives, Mr. Khaliquzzaman, Mr. Abdur Rahman
Siddiqui and Maulana Mazhar Uddin out of the five
appointed have already left India and are on their
way to Cairo. Further according to the instructions
of the Egyptian Parliamentary Committee we have
netified that if any other member of the Muslim
League party in legislature desires to participate
in the Congress the invitation will be issued to him
by the Secretary, All India Muslim League, We shall
await the results of the deliberations and the
decisions of that Congress and then I may assure you
that the All India Muslim League will do all that
lies in its power to help the cause of the Arabs in
Palestine. I am glad here to note that Congress
Working Committee also at Delhi has passed a
resolution. That having regard to its importance it
was moved by the chair without any comments. This is
an indication of the superficial interest the
Congress takes in matters which the Musalmans
consider nearest and dearest to their heart.
During the recent times Great Britain has thrown her
friends to the wolves and broken her solemn
promises. Only those succeed with the British People
who possess force and power and who are in a
position to bully them. They have also let down and
thrown the Musalmans of India to the wolves. I am
sure that there will be no peace in the Near East
unless they give an honest and square deal to the
Arabs in Palestine. In India I may draw the
attention of His Majesty's Government and the
British Statesmen who I am sure are not under any
delusion that Congress represents the people of
India or Indian nation, for there are 90 millions of
Musalmans. And I would draw their attention and here
also of the Congress High Command and ask them to
mark, learn and inwardly digest the recent upheaval
and its consequent developments which threatened the
world war. It was because the Sudeten Germans who
were forced under the heel of the majority of
Czechoslovakia who oppressed them, suppressed them,
maltreated them and showed a brutal and callous
disregard for their rights and interests for two
decades hence the inevitable result that the
Republic of Czechoslovakia is now broken up and a
new map will have to be drawn. Just as the Sudeten
Germans were not defenseless and survived the
oppression and persecution for two decades so also
the Musalmans are not defenseless and cannot give up
their national entity and aspirations in this great
continent. Here also I may mention the Frontier
policy of the Government of India which the sooner
it is given up the better and methods of
reconciliation are resorted to instead. I will
therefore appeal to the British Government to review
and revise their policy with regard to the
Palestine, Waziristan and Musalmans of India and the
Islamic powers generally. It is in the interest of
Great Britain to seriously consider the
reorientation in the light of the developments that
have taken place during the last two decades.
To the Musalmans therefore I say go forward and
organize your people all over India and if reasons
and arguments fail our ultimate resort must depend
upon our own inherent strength and power. I do not
despair nor need we fear the consequences in this
great struggle of life and death which involves the
destiny of 90 millions of our people.
The Resolutions Passed by the Conference
RESOLUTION No. 1.
"This Conference expresses its deep sense of sorrow
at the very sad demise of the Late Nawab Bahadur Sir
Mahomed Mozzamulullah Khan, a great Muslim
Philanthropist and Benefactor of the Muslim
This meeting prays that the soul of the departed
Leader may rest in Peace and expresses its sympathy
with the family of the deceased."
(From the Chair)
The following Resolutions were passed unanimously at
the Sindh Provincial Moslem League Conference held
at Karachi on 8th, 9th and 10th October 1938.
RESOLUTION No. 2
conference makes an earnest appeal to all
Islam and the
To join the Muslim League,
To establish branches of the Muslim League;
To enroll them as Volunteers in the Muslim National
To cultivate a sense of discipline and loyalty
towards the Muslim League,
To persuade their representatives in the local
self-governing bodies and legislatures to form and
join the Muslim League parties within their
respective local bodies and legislatures and to work
under the control and discipline of the Muslim
League and to call upon them to resign if they fail
to carry out their mandate.
To call upon their representatives in the Assembly
to pass economic measures such as have recently been
passed by the other legislatures.
To appoint a competent person to enquire into and
report grievances of the people to the authorities
concerned and to the Provincial headquarters of the
To wear Khadi and Swadeshi cloth manufactured by
To observe thrift and economy,
To remove illiteracy,
To open reading rooms,
to start night schools,
To persuade all boys and girls of schools going age
to join schools,
To carry on a regular campaign for the elimination
of social evils,
To reduce their expenses to the minimum in the
observance of social customs.
To encourage rural manufactures,
To use improved methods of cultivation,
To improve the lot of their peasantry,
To encourage muslim shop-keepers,
To secure employment and work for their unemployed
To carry on regular propaganda for the moral,
religious, social, economic and educational uplift
and reform of the muslim community,
to create political awakening among
the muslim masses for
the speedy achievement
of freedom of Islam and of India "
Mover—Sahibzada Abdul sattar Jan.
Seconder—Moulana Jamal Mian of Frangi Mahal Lucknow,
Supporter—Moulana Abdul Hamid Badauni,
NawabLiaqatali Khan Saheb, Mir Ayub Khan,
Resolution no. 3
"This Conference while praying for the success of
the Muslim World Conference which is being held at
Cairo, for a satisfactory solution of the Palestine
problem, is definitely of the opinion that to
achieve a lasting settlement, it is highly essential
that the British Government.
should cancel Balfour Declaration ;
withdraw the scheme of partition of
Palestine as recommended by the
first Palestine Royal Commission;
confer full independence upon Palestine.
This Conference warns the British Government that if
it fails to abandon its present pro-Jewish policy in
Palestine the Muslims of India in consonance with
the policy of the rest of the Islamic World will
look upon Britain as the enemy of Islam and shall
willingly adopt all measures for the protection and
freedom of the Holy Land of Islam.
This Conference places full confidence in the Muslim
League Deputation to the Muslim World Conference,
Cairo consisting of Choudhry Khaliquzzaman, Mr.
Abdul Rahman Siddiki, Moulana Hasrat Mohani and
Mover — Pir Ghulam Mujadid Sirhindi,
Seconder — Moulana Showkatali,
Supporter — Moulana Sanaullab,
RESOLUTION. No. 4.
Barrage Debt Liquidation.
"Where as the ordinary annual revenue of Sindh is
only Rs. 180 lakhs excluding Rs. lakhs of extraordinary receipts
from lands and Rs. lakhs as Subvention from central
whereas the ordinary annual expenditure of Sindh met
from revenue is lakhs leaving an annual
deficit of Rs. lakhs.
And whereas Sindh has been allotted a debt of Rs.crores on separation from Bombay
consisting of Rs.crores pre-reform debt and Rs.crores Barrage debt.|
And whereas Sindh has to pay annual interest charges
And whereas under the Otto-Neimeyar settlement,
Sindh would have to pay Rs. lakhs annually for liquidating her
debt for in addition to the said interest
And where as total annual receipts from sale of land
in Barrage area amounting to about Rs. 75 lakhs plus
the entire net surplus under the head land revenue
is just sufficient to cover only the interest
And whereas Sindh population has been deprived of
any advantage in shape of social reform due to the
sale of Barrage Land measuring about lakh acres valued at Rs.crores, this amount being earmarked
for repayment of the Barrage Debt.
And whereas the real capital borrowed for the
Barrage is onlycrores.
And whereas a sum of Rs.crore is re-debited to Sindh on
separation as pre-reform debt while no credit is
given for the net surplus of Rs.crores on Pre-Barrage irrigation
works in Sindh.
And whereas the province is already over-taxed.
And whereas all avenues of retrenchment have been
explored by the reorganization committee, full
effect of which would take very long time to have
appreciable effect on Sindh's finances.
And whereas increased productivity of the province
has increased the revenues of the Central Government
from Railways, Posts and Telegraphs Customs,
Income-tax and other Departments.
And whereas under the Otto-Neimeyar settlement all
surplus revenue is paid towards repayment of
interest alone and nothing would be left for
improvement of social services for another years in spite of Central
And whereas it would be impossible for Sindh to pay
any additional sum of Rs. lakhs from towards debt settlement; nay
interest charges even after receipts from land sales
cease corning in after some time.
This conference strongly urges upon the Government
of India to appoint a. committee to investigate the
question of liquidating the Barrage debt due regard
being paid to the requirements of Sindh for improved
social services and meanwhile declare moratorium for
repayment of the debt, so that Sindh Government may
be able to initiate necessary reforms immediately.
Mover — M. H. Gazdar,
Seconder — M. A. Khuhro,
Supporter — Sir Haii Abdullah Haroon,
RESOLUTION No. 5.
Whereas the refusal on the part of the Working
Committee of the Indian National Congress to
negotiate a Communal settlement with the All India
Muslim League, on the plea that the All India Muslim
League is not the sole repre≠sentative body of the
Musalmans of India, indicates the Congress resolve
to perpetually divide and rule the Muslim Community,
and thus once more mar prospects of an amicable and
peaceful solution of the Indian minorities problem,
four which the League has tried in vain for more
than 15 years.
Whereas the Congress has, by means of its powerful
press and purse, launched a campaign of Muslim Mass
Contact to cause disruption and division in the
muslim community with the object of deceiving the
world into the belief that it is the sole
representative organization of entire India.
Whereas it has deliberately established purely Hindu
rule in certain provinces by forming ministries
either without muslim ministers or with muslim
ministers having no following among muslim members,
in direct and flagrant violation of the letter
and spirit of the Government of India
Act, 1935 and the Instrument of instructions.
Whereas the ministries so formed have established a
sort of rule which has for its aim the intimidation
and demoralization of muslims, the extermination of
the healthy and nation-building influences of muslim
culture, the suppression of muslim religious customs
and their religious obligations and elimination of
their political rights as a separate community.
Whereas it has in open defiance of the democratic
principles persistently endeavored to render the
power of the muslim majorities in effective and
impotent, in the North Western Provinces, Bengal,
the Punjab and Sindh by trying to bring into power
or by supporting coalition ministries not enjoying
the confidence of the majority of muslim members and
the muslim masses of those provinces.
Whereas Congress has superimposed the authority of
its High Command, a sort of fascist dictatorship,
over the working of the Congress ministries to
prevent the healthy growth of parliamentary
conventions and establishment of constitutional
traditions, to deprive the muslims of their duo
share and have refused to reconstitute ministries in
consonance with the constitution, having due regard
to the rights and interests of muslims,
Whereas the Congress have decided:—
(а) to enforce Vidya Mandir Scheme in
the teeth of muslim opposition,
(b) to foist the Bande-Matram on
Muslims and others as a national anthem in callous
disregard of the feelings of Muslims who consider
the song as not only idolatrous but it is in origin
and conception a hymn of hatred to muslims.
to make Hindi with Devangiri script as the Lingua
Franca of India in total defiance of the protests
and wishes of the minorities with a view to
inculcate Hindu religious ideas, philosophy and
culture and establish dominance of Brahmanic culture
to Introduce and enforce joint electorates in local
bodies with the strength of their majority and thus
deprive muslims of securing their true
to close Urdu Schools wherever possible and
discourage the teaching of the Urdu language, and
thus ultimately wipe it off,
to suppress freedom of press and freedom of speech
and legitimate action under the pretext of
preventing incitement to violence and maintenance of
law and order.
to interfere with the age-long religious privileges
and usages of the muslim community by force of arm
and resort to repressive measures.
“Whereas the majority community of India has
fostered and maintained since thousands of years a
rigid caste system of theirs which is a negative of
na≠tionalism, equality, democracy and all the noble
ideals that the modern world as pires to and stands
for and which system has further superimposed social
and econo≠mic inequalities upon a vast body of the
people of this country and reduced millions of them
to the position of irredeemable he lorts.
And whereas the evolution of a single united India
and united Indian nation inspired by common
aspirations and common ideals being impossible of
realization on account of the
caste-ridden mentality and anti-muslim
policy of the majority community, and also on
account of acute differences of religion, language,
script, culture, social laws and outlook on life of
the two major communities and even of race in
'This Conference considers it absolutely essential
in the interests of an abiding peace of the vast
Indian continent and in the interests of unhampered
cultural development, the economic and social
betterment, and Political
self-determination of the two nations
known as Hindus and Muslims, to recommend to All
India Mus≠lim League to review and revise the entire
question of what should be the suitable constitution
for India which will secure honorable and legitimate
status due to them, and that this conference
therefore recommends to the All India Muslim League
to devise a scheme of Constitution
under which muslims may attain full
Further this conference records its emphatic
disapproval of the scheme of the All India
Federation as embodied in the Government of India
Act, 1935 and is opposed to its introduction and
urges upon the British Government to refrain from
its enforcement as it considers the scheme to be
detrimental to the interests of the India generally
and those of the muslims in particular.
That this conference further declares that no
constitution by whomsoever framed will be acceptable
to the muslims of India unless it conforms to the
principle enunciated above and is prepared in
consultation with and accepted by All India Muslim
Mover - Shaikh Abdul majid, M.L.A Sindhi
Seconder - K. B. Gurmani, M.L.A. (Punjab)
Supporter - Sir Hajee Abdullah Haroon, M. L. A.
(Central), Sayed Abdul Rauf Shah Advocate, M. L. A.
(C. P.), Moulana Abdul Hamid Badauni (U. P.)
RESOLUTION No. 6.
Frontier Policy Revision.
"This Conference condemns the policy of the
Government of India with regard to Waziristan and is
strongly of the opinion that the Forward Policy
persued with the aid of Guns and Aeroplanes is most
inhuman and militates against the best political and
economic interests of India and calls upon the
Government of India to give up that policy and come
back to the Close Border Policy,"
Mover -- Moulana Abdul Hamid, Badauni.
Seconder — K. S. Fakira Khan Abbotabad.
Supporter — M. A. Khalique.
"This Conference places on record its deep sympathy
with the Indians who have suffered loss of life and
property, during the Burma Riots.
This Conference urges that the Government of India
should take effective steps in the matter in order
to prevent recurrence of the atrocities and to bring
necessary pressure to bear on the Government of
Burma to compensate the Indian sufferers in Burma."
(From the Chair).
RESOLUTION No. 8.
"This Conference condemns the agitation of the
companies catering for Hedjaz Pildrim Traffic for
the fixation of minimum rates for the Hedijaz
Pilgrims as highly prejudicial to the interests of
the Pilgrims to Hedjaz. While this Conference
strongly recommends the fixation of maximum rates by
the Government of India in consultation
with the Haj Committees and the
navigation companies, whatever their number. This
conference is definitely of the opinion that the
non-muslim commercial enterprises in muslim lands
have resulted in the spread of anti-Islamic
movements in those
lands and endangered the economic
interests of the muslim people.
This conference feels that the time has arrived when
the muslim commercial magnets of India in particular
and the muslim world in general should float a
company of their own. Further this conference makes
an appeal to the All India Muslim League to enter
into negotiations with the Hedjaz Government to
consider the proposal of a Muslim Navigation Steam
Company either by introducing a special one rupee
tax on the pilgrims or by floating a private company
on share system.
Mover — Moulana Showkatali,
Seconder — Moulana Abdul Hamid Badauni,
RESOLUTION No. 9.
This Conference while drawing the attention of the
Government of Sindh to the Bank Holidays now
existing wherein only four days have been allotted
for Muslim festivals out of days, earnestly appeals, to the
Sindh Government to include the following days in
the said list as public holidays, in view of the
proportionate Strength of musalmans in Sindh.
One day of Idul-Uzha.
of Rajab (Shabe-Mairaj)
Two days for Muhram (9th and 10th.)
Two days for Idul-Fitr instead of one day
Proposed — Naimatullah of Sukkur.
Seconder — Agha Nazarali of Sindh Zamindar Press.
Supporter — Mian Nabi Baksh of Jacobabad,
RESOLUTION No. 10.
This Conference earnestly appeals to the Muslim
members of the Sindh Legislatures to form a solid
and united muslim League party in the Assembly by
sinking all their differences, in order to enforce
the policy and programme of the all India Muslim
League for the betterment of the Musalmans and the
—Sahibzada Abdul Sattar Jan.
—Moulana Abdul Hamid Badauni.
bux Shah, (3)Raja of Mahamood abad,
K. B. G. N. Shah,Moulvi Abdul Hai Haqani,
(6)Sardar Noor Md. Khan.
RESOLUTION NO 11.
"This Conference Protest against the continuance of
the arbitrary form of Government in British
Baluchistan and demands its replacement by a
democratic forms as obtaining in other Provinces in
This Conference advises the people of British
Baluchistan to establish branches of the Muslim
League in their Province and carry on constitutional
agita≠tion for the introduction of reforms.
These Conference further advices Sindh Provincial
Muslim League to send a deputation of its own to
Baluchistan to take stock of the situation there.
Mover …. Moulvi Sanaullah
Seconder… M. A. Khalique
Resolution No. 12
"This Conference condemns the agitation of a section
of Hindus against handing over the control of the
Sukker Manzilgah Mosque to the Musalmans and
deplores the un-sympathetic attitude of the Sindh
Government in the matter and urges upon it that the
Mosque should be restored to the mussalmans as early
Proposed… Sayed Ali Mahemood Rashdi
Seconder… Agha Nazarali Khan.
“In view of the fact that the Sindh Government have
hither to failed to take any steps against those
officials who are responsible for the breach in the
Sindh Canal Regulator in Sukkur District which has
caused terrible damage to the people, specially
those of the agricultural class and which has
mounted up to the extent of about Rs. 50/- lakhs,
this conference urges upon the Government of Sindh
to suspend the officials concerned forthwith and
appoint an impartial tribunal to enquire into the
conduct of the officials involved and award
compensation to the sufferers which may be realized
from the officials responsible for the catastrophe”
RESOLUTION No. 14.
"This meeting of the Sindh Provincial Muslim League
Conference urges upon the Government of Sindh to
introduce at a very early date the following
measures for the relief and betterment of the masses
in general and agricultural classes particular.
A Bill to prevent alienation of lands of
agriculturists to non-agriculturist
A Bill to regulate money-lending business in
A measure for settlement of debts of
A measure to evolve a scheme whereby
agricultural financing is carried on hereafter
through some trust-worthy and reliable agency of
Government, the rate of interest against such loans
not exceeding 4 to 5 per cent.
A measure to spread primary education
throughout the length and breadth of the Province by
making it free and compulsory with a view that
within the course of ten years no part of the
Province is devoid of the advantage of free and
Protection of small khatedars.
Provide adequate funds for the
nation-building activities as construction of
medical aid, veterinary Hospitals, Sanitation etc.
K. B. M. A. Khuhro, M. L. A. (Mover)
G. M. Sayed, M, L. A.(Seconder)
RESOLUTION NO. 15.
"This Conference recommends to Government of Sindh
that the repressive laws and measures like the Sindh
Frontier Regulation, Criminal Tribes Settlement Act,
Press Act, Chapter Section of the Criminal Procedure
Code be abrogated forthwith and that undue tyranny
and harrassment of the police and petty officials of
Government which exists in the province be put an
end to; and the masses in the villages be allowed to
live in a more healthy and purer atmosphere by
breathing more freely and by getting free from the
tyrannical rule that exists at present in mofussil
life of the Province.
Kazi Fazlullah Advocate. (Mover)
Sayed Ali Md. Rashdi. (Seconder)
RESOIUTION NO. 16.
"This Conference offers congratulations to the
mussalmans of the Bengal and the Punjab for their
whole-hearted support to the present Ministries and
condemns the machinations of the congress and a
section of other Hindus for their downfall and
strongly resents their nefarious propaganda against
the present Ministries.
This Conference notes with satisfaction the measures
of economic relief, rural uplift and educational
expansion adopted by the Bengal and the Punjab
Govern≠ments and earnestly appeals to Muslim members
of the Bengal and the Punjab Legislatures to support
the present ministries.
Proposed by…. Mr. Mazhar ali Alavi, Adovcate
Seconder – Sayed Mohd Aslam Bar-at-Law.
Supporters – Kazi Fazlullah, Moulvi Sanaullah, Ali
RESOLUTION NO. 17.
This Conference strongly protests against the
attitude of the Government of India towards His
Highness Mir of Khairpur State by removing him from
the State against the wishes of the State people and
conveys through this Conference the feeling of the
State people in particular and all the muslims of
Sindh in general, that Government of India to allow
the Mir Sahib to come back to his State for the
purpose of its administration.
Mir Bandeali Khan Talpur. (Mover)
Pir Ghulam Mujadid Sirhindi. (Seconder)
RESOLUTION No. 18.
"This Conference strongly condemns the atrocities
perpetrated on the people of Tanda in U. P. by the
Congress Government of the United Provinces and
demands the institution of an impartial public
enquiry into the conduct of those responsible for
the said atrocities.
This conference further demands that adequate
compensation shall be paid to those sufferers who
have been the victims of the said atrocities."
Mover — Moulvi Sanaullah,
Seconder — M. A. khalique
Resolution Re: K.B. Ijaz Ali Minister Khairpur
"This Conference recognizes the great services
rendered by Khan Bahadur Ijaz Ali Minister of
Khairpur State and considers his administration as
most fair, equitable and conductive to the peace and
prosperity of the State.
This Conference is of opinion that the mischievous
propaganda carried on by the Hindu Mahasabha and a
section of the Hindu press was absolutely inspired
by selfish motives by some of the highly placed
Hindu officials of the State and the Conference
strongly condemns this sort of propaganda which is
calculated to embitter the relations of the two
communities in the State.
This Conference further appeals to the Government of
India and the Honour≠able the Resident of the Punjab
State that since Khairpur was predominantly a Muslim
State with eighty two percent muslim population the
present Minister might be continued for at least
three years more in that office so that he might
have the opportunity of continuing his good work in
Proposed by K, B. Muhammad Ayub Khuro M.L.A.
Seconded by Mr. Nazar ali Editor Sind Zamindar
This Conference disapproves of the attitude of the
Governor of Sindh in having refuse to summon a
Session of the Legislative Assembly forthwith in
order to allow the representatives of the people to
exercise their constitutional rights to move a vote
of no-confidence to consider the conduct of the
Sindh ministry, and further to decide the various
questions such as the recent enhanced rates of in particular and
various other matters in general, and with view to disposing of numerous items
on the agenda such as private bills, resolutions and
questions although the Leader of the Opposition made
a clear and specific request for calling an
immediate Session and secondly, for having refused
to recommend Mr. Gazder's Bill regarding
money-lenders, to the Legislative Assembly for
RESOLUTION No. 21
This Conference declares that the Muslims have no
confidence in the Sindh Ministry as it is at present
constituted and which is maintained not only
contrary to the wishes of the over whelming majority
of the muslim members in the Assembly but of the
muslims all over Sindh.
Further this conference is of opinion that this
ministry deserves condemnation.